Why Drink Butter Coffee? The Science of Bulletproof Coffee

Why Drink Butter Coffee? The Science of Bulletproof Coffee


Thanks to Skillshare for sponsoring this video.
“Butter tea, it was never my cup of tea.” Perhaps Austrian Mountaineer Heinrich Harrer
would have liked butter coffee better than the Tibetan Yak Butter tea. Recently, blending
some mixture of fat in your coffee and having that for breakfast has gotten quite popular.
The main version, “Bulletproof coffee” is made by mixing Coffee, Grass Fed Butter
and pure C8 MCT Oil in a blender. This recipe comes from entrepreneur Dave Asprey, who apparently
got the idea after having Yak Butter Tea in Tibet in 2004. Proponents of Bulletproof coffee claim that
the coffee will keep you focused and curb your appetite for hours. While coffee with
a gob of fat may sound like a newfangled trend, the practice of ingesting coffee with fat
was around even before people drank coffee as a beverage. Sometime between 575 and 850
CE, nomadic mountain warriors of the Galla tribe in Ethiopia would combine crushed coffee
beans with animal fat, and snack on that for energy during long treks and warfare. “Excuse me, can I have a butter bar please?” Personally, I can attest to the sustained
energy that comes from ButterProof coffee, but what could be making it so magical? And
should you be replacing your breakfast with it? Before we get into it, it’s necessary to
understand that saturated fat in general is not the enemy that it’s been made out to
be. You also have to know a little bit about ketosis because this is one of the goals of
the coffee. Very briefly, ketosis occurs when you restrict carbohydrate intake enough and
for long enough. When you’ve burned out enough of your carbohydrate stores, your liver
then turns fatty acids from your diet, and from your body fat into ketones. These ketones
are used for energy in the body and brain rather than relying on glucose or carbohydrate. Ketosis has many benefits, physical and mental.
It helps you lose weight and reduces hunger. There’s also evidence that it improves longevity
and healthspan, it suppresses oxidative stress, and it improves cognition and memory. So by doing intermittent fasting or being
on a low carb and high fat diet, your body gets energy primarily from fat rather than
carbohydrate. This allows you to get through the day without blood sugar spikes and crashes,
and you’ll have more stable energy, feel more focused and less hungry. Obviously butter
coffee plays into this because it’s just fat and zero carbs. But there are some other fascinating properties
of butter coffee that help get you into ketosis. First, the caffeine in the coffee actually
helps to boost ketone production, even if you’re not doing a low carb diet. This study from last year in the Canadian
Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology had people fast for 12 hours, then have breakfast.
One group had no caffeine, another had 1 and ½ cups of black coffee, and another had caffeine
pills that were the equivalent of 3 cups of coffee. They found that “Caffeine given
at breakfast significantly stimulated ketone production in a dose-dependent manner.”
So, the more caffeine, the more ketones. This is interesting, because insulin which
is produced in response to eating carbohydrates hinders ketone production, but the subjects’
breakfast was 78% carbohydrate. Though, that doesn’t mean you should drink butter coffee
no matter what your diet is. We can expect that ketone production would have been even
higher if they had the caffeine without carbohydrate. It’s important to drink this with a ketogenic
breakfast, or better yet, with no breakfast at all. If you’re mixing up some grass fed
butter and MCT oil in your coffee and then you have a cream cheese bagel, or bowl of
cereal along with it, you’ll blunt the ketogenic effects of the coffee and store a lot of that
fat on your body. You see, there are two ways you can fill up
fat cells: One is by eating enough carbohydrates to where carbohydrates are stored in the body
as fat through a process called de novo lipogenesis; the other is through a process called re-esterification.
Simply put: re esterification is the process of taking fatty acids and forming them back
into fat, which is then stored in your fat cells. Then, the way you get the fat out of
your fat cells is by breaking down the fat through another process: lipolysis. So, let’s say you’re on a ketogenic diet
and you decide to whir up a bunch of fat in your coffee, and drink it for breakfast while
you read Garfield comics from 1995. Fat’s going to be coming in, but because
the main feature of ketosis is that you use fat for energy, lipolysis is going to be way
up and you’re going to be using the fat from your fat cells and the fat from your
coffee for energy. So that’s not too bad. But if you’re having toast, eggs and potatoes
with your butter coffee, then you’re gonna have some of the carbs stored as fat through
de novo lipogenesis, and actually even more re-esterification will occur and the fat output,
lipolysis, will be low. When you fat with carbs, even more of that
fat goes into your fat cells and you burn less fat because insulin, which is secreted
when you eat carbohydrate, increases re-esterification and inhibits lipolysis. One of the benefits
of bulletproof coffee is that it’s supposed to help you lose weight, but it might do the
opposite if you put sugar in it or have it with carbohydrates. I didn’t realize how big this Butter and
MCT oil coffee trend was getting until I saw that a pre-made version of it hit the shelves
of a convenient store chain here in Tokyo. Unfortunately, the coffee they use is so weak
the drink just tastes like skim milk but… I was impressed that they got the ingredients
right – it’s not just coffee with butter, it actually has grass fed butter and MCT oil
in it. So what’s the deal with the MCT Oil?
MCT stands for medium chain triglycerides, and, compared to long-chain triglycerides,
MCT’s are: -Absorbed quicker and turned into energy more
efficiently -Result in less body fat gain
-They make you feel fuller faster -And, they enhance the production of ketones. So here we have another ingredient that promotes
ketones. There’s a couple different types of MCT’s – c12, c10, c8 and c6 which refers
to the length of the chain. The shorter the chain, the easier it turns into ketones. C6
isn’t usually used because it easily upsets the stomach and apparently smells like goats
– So, pure C8 – caprylic acid, is your best bet for maximum ketone production, but a mix
of C8 and C10 is usually more available and more cost effective. So why the grass-fed butter? Well, Butter
provides great fat soluble Vitamins like Vitamin K2 and Vitamin A and Vitamin E. And studies
suggest grassfed butter has better Vitamin A and E content, higher omega-3’s and higher
levels of the antioxidant glutathione. Though, this is just a nice little bonus- I wouldn’t
say BulletProof coffee is packed with vitamins. So the big point of this fatty coffee is to
boost your ketone production so you can get the benefits of ketosis even when you’re
not super strict on intermittent fasting or eating really low carb. But is it healthy having this every morning? I would say “healthier than what?” If
having this coffee is getting you to keep your blood sugar down and insulin levels low
thanks to it replacing your high carb breakfast, I would say yes, it’s healthier. I’d consider Grass fed butter and MCT oil
a healthy addition to your daily diet for reasons I just discussed, so the question
becomes: is daily coffee consumption healthy? There’s a ton of research on coffee showing
that more coffee consumption increases longevity, reduces diabetes risk and heart disease risk.
Recently, coffee and even decaf coffee have been shown to promote an anti-aging process
called autophagy. But coffee is a very complex beverage that affects all kinds of hormones
and neurotransmitters like Adenosine, Dopamine, Cortisol, Adrenaline, Cholecystokinin and
Gastrin. Coffee has also been shown to produce inflammation. Personally I love butter coffee
and feel great for a couple hours after I drink it, but I feel more calm and content
in general when I don’t have a coffee habit. Recently, I’ve slowly cut my morning coffee
consumption in half over a couple weeks. I get less of a spike in focus, but I’m calmer
and more focused in general throughout the day. Then again, that’s just me. There’s a lot more to say about coffee,
but that’s a great topic for another time. There is one more thing I should mention about
coffee. This June 2012 paper, authored in part by Ryan N. Coffee actually has nothing
to do with coffee, but if coffee is something you like to indulge in on a daily basis, you
might want to know how to make a really good cup. That’s where this video’s sponsor,
Skillshare comes in. Skillshare is an online community with more than 17,000 classes in
Design, Marketing, Business, Technology and yes there’s even a class on Coffee by 2010
world Barista Champion Michael Phillips. It’s an hour long class that gives you the low
down on sourcing, tasting and brewing the magical bean elixir. The classes on Skillshare
are professional, organized and have very clear and actionable points. An annual premium
membership is less than just $10 a month and it gives you unlimited access to quality classes
from experts working in their field. Skillshare’s huge variety of courses has also led me to
topics I didn’t even know I would be interested in like these logo and typefacing classes
by the famous a charismatic designer Aaron Draplin. If that’s not your thing, there’s
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100 thoughts on “Why Drink Butter Coffee? The Science of Bulletproof Coffee

  1. I drink 57 cups of black ground coffee per day and piss like a racehorse….clear urine….where does all the black go?

  2. Fat keeps you sated longer and coffee gives you energy and neither reacts together to create unique bonds that offer alternative effects to what each will give you individually so at the end of the diet your still just adding needless fat to a healthy option

  3. Make sure the coffee is freshly roasted & ground before use, otherwise it’s technically ‘dead’ & useless after two weeks: no matter how well packaged.

  4. You guys need to simplify these explanations down to a few hundred words so that they make some sense.

  5. What is hilarious is people trashing ketogenic diet and bullet proof coffee eat cereals and donut for breakfast with diet coke.

  6. i tried putting butter instead of cream in my coffee and it was one of the most disgusting things i ever had….i actually quit coffee shortly after that

  7. You guy's are just pain nuts! You want to burn fat? Save your gut and juice some kale with green apple and ginger and cucumber.

  8. Frig the coffee (I didn't say that, I worship coffee) just fast for 24 to 48 hours and go right to ketosis… this is the silly mans plan….

  9. Basically, your body burns sugar and fat separately! When eaten together, like a jam doughnut, your body fights to burn of the dough, and the sugar at the same time. Saw that on TV.

  10. Voice sounds like the guy from Food Wishes. I wish he didn't skip over the article on Inflammatory Markers due to coffee consumption of more than 200ml per day. I use coconut oil in my morning coffee, 1 tsp in an 8 oz cup.

  11. Those who love keto coffee should DEFINITELY try it with HOME MADE ..ghee.!!!!
    It's bloody heaven!
    Creamy..velvety texture..caramel like flavour..
    Just ask some friend from India to make it for you or learn the technique on YouTube.
    Store bought ….never if I can help it.
    Cheers!

  12. fun fact, baby cows get taken away from their mother so that we get her milk, that we turn into butter.

  13. I lived in Tangiers for a while and the older arabs would put gobs of sweet fresh butter in their coffee with sugar. Never fancied it myself especially not in 100 degree weather wearing robes.

  14. Canada's food guide took butter off the guide .. well our hospitals are so over crowded and our wait times so long they had to do something so they asked science..science says stop promoting diary and meat.. so they did.

  15. I paused the video to read the nanoscale article and coudn't find the coffee reference, which led me to beleive that I needed more coffee.
    Don't DO that!

  16. What about butter coffee and a small amnt of carbs for breakfast. After the carbs are used up by the body for energy, does the ketosis effect take place and you lose weight too?
    Or should you NEVER combine fat and carbs bc the fat will ALWAYS be stored away?

  17. Y'all need a correction to this video. When a body undergoes gluconeogensis, which yes, is a process that leads to Ketosis, that is, the production of glucose from non carbohydrate sources (fat, protein), glucose is produced, and glucose is the energy source for the cells. Ketones are a waste product that is then shed by the body, the accumulation of which is referred to as ketoacidosis.

  18. wouldn't just putting milk in strong coffee in the morning for breakfast be the same thing but without the expensive hippie foods?

  19. Because I eat low carb/sometimes keto, I'm not hungry until later in the day anyway and often just do one meal. I have never found keto coffee to give me anymore energy than just plain coffee, so don't see the point in the added calories and breaking fast. Just me, glad it works for some!

  20. This is a bullsh*t fad. Eating butter is not healthy, "butter is full of vitamins" for real?!?! That's your message?? Butter and cheese kills people, more than smoking. Carb-based (low-animal-fat, low-protein) diet is healthy, tons of scientific material on this.

  21. Betty Boughter thought she could make her bitter coffee better by buying a bit of butter and mixing it with the bitter coffee, thus making it a better bulletproof buttered coffee

  22. So there's such a thing called Yak Butter coffee. I first heard it
    mentioned on Hallmark movie called the Groom's Sisters.
    It was developed by the Tibetans to keep them hydrated.

  23. I will use my favourite Jersey cows full cream milk. Is it better to use a filter coffee or is the instant freeze dried ok ?

  24. Uh, you don't need 3 different sources of
    'MCT' to make BP Coffee: Butter is MCT. Coconut oil is MCT. And of course 'MCT oil (wherever they get that from)' is MCT. You could use plain-ol' yak-butter, and by that I don't mean throwing-up, making butter out of it, and putting it in your coffee. I also don't recommend using sleepy-weepy-dog-eye-butter for said purpose.

  25. omg dude. REALLY?!?

    So I was just about to make the skeptical comment that any one of those pro coffee studies could have been funded by Folger's.
    Insinuating CORRUPTION and MOTIVE.

    When you literally said, "vid sponsor…SKILLSHARE…2010 world barista champion Michael Phillips…hour long class on…the magical bean elixir…"

    At least you know how it works.

  26. Your videos are so darn interesting because you explain the science or reasons behind it. Thank you so much for expanding my thoughts!

  27. Can people stop saying that keto is the only way to loose weight, it's a great way but it's not the only way

  28. Does heavy cream with no added sugar have the same effect? its almost pure fat. Not half and half. Heavy whipping cream

    I don't have a blender

  29. This channel is perfect for med students newbies 😀 thanks dude, makes biochemistry interesting again! Acetil CoA ftw!

  30. If we are doin IF and we want to fast for 16hours or longer,won’t the morning bullefproof coffee break the fast?

  31. 1. Bullet proof coffee. 2. Run for one hour (with improved endurance). 3. Eat a BIG breakfast. I feel ready for anything after that, even a cold shower.

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